The Dachshund is a large dog in a small frame. Bred originally to hunt down badgers, they are fearless little dogs who clearly don’t subscribe to the view that ’size matters’.
Dachshunds can be playful, fun-loving, affectionate and protective little dogs, but early socialization is important as is proper training. The Dachshund needs to understand his place. If not properly trained and socialized the Dachshund can become over-protective, unpredictable, aggressive and even destructive if left to its own devices for too long.
The Dachshund is a people dog. He needs company. He also needs physical exercise and mental stimulation to keep him happy and contented.
Dachshunds make excellent guard dogs. Bred to take on badgers, they are completely fearless. But this also means that without proper training and socialization they can mistake a friend for the enemy. They will bite, so are not generally recommended for those with young children.
If you have a young family, and/or you want a Dachshund with an altogether friendlier temperament, then you want a Long-Haired Dachshund. The introduction of spaniel blood into the Smooth-Haired Dachshund has produced a dog with a far less aggressive and altogether more agreeable disposition.
That having been said, any Dachshund still requires early socialization and firm but fair training to establish what is and what is not acceptable behaviour.